What is Social Engineering?

AreaHacking.com – Social Engineering has become a serious threat to cyber security. In this article, we will take a deeper look at what social engineering actually is, and how we can protect ourselves from the potential risks it poses.

What is Social Engineering

Social engineering is a manipulation technique that exploits human error to gain access to valuable personal information or important data. In the world of cybercrime, this type of fraud, called human hacking, can lure users without arousing suspicion.

Users can easily fall into the trap of hacker and provide access to systems or personal information that should not be shared. This fraudulent act is based on psychological manipulation, social engineering strategies will be used based on the way the victim thinks and their activities.

Thus, this psychological manipulation attack can deceive and influence the victim's behavior. The attacker will find out the target's needs or desires, such as curiosity, fear, or a desire to help. Then they use this information to lead the target to take the desired action.

How it Works and Types of Social Engineering Attacks

Social engineering works by using various strategies to manipulate people into performing certain actions or providing information that they would not otherwise share. Here are some of the ways social engineering works:

1. Phishing

One of the most common forms of social engineering is phishing. In these attacks, Hackers try to obtain personal information such as passwords and credit card numbers by impersonating trusted entities through fake emails or websites.

2. Pretexting

The attackers use fake scenarios or pretexting to convince individuals to reveal sensitive information. They can impersonate colleagues, friends, idols, or even authorities.

3. Online Quizzes and Contests

Through social media, attackers can create fake quizzes or contests that seem harmless.  However, they can collect personal information from unsuspecting participants.

4. Baiting

Attackers offer something attractive, such as a cheap and attractive phone or a download link, to tempt people to access or open information that is actually dangerous.

5. Other Psychological Manipulation Techniques

The use of psychological techniques such as social manipulation, persuasion, or verbal deception to change the target's behavior and get the target's attention.

Also Read: What is a Man in the Middle (MITM) Attack

How to Prevent Social Engineering

1. User Awareness

The first step to protect yourself from social engineering is to increase user awareness. This involves thorough education about the risks associated with providing personal information online.

2. Be Careful when Sharing Information

Do not provide personal or confidential information through untrustworthy emails or phone calls. Avoid sharing important information on social media or untrustworthy online platforms.

3. Identity Verification

Always verify a person's identity before providing confidential information or access to a system. Use a double authentication method (two-factor authentication) to secure your account.

4. Security Knowledge Education

Organizations and individuals should implement security training on a regular basis. This includes teaching family and close friends how to identify potential social engineering attacks. To avoid becoming a victim of a social engineering attack.

5. Don't Download any Files from Untrusted Sources

Social engineering hackers often ask victims to download files they provide, so never download files from untrusted people or sources. Because you have to be careful if you don't want to be the target of a social engineering attack.


Social Engineering is a serious threat in today's digital environment. To protect yourself and your organization, it is important to understand the techniques attackers use and take the necessary precautions. Don't fall victim to Social Engineering - increase your awareness and security now!

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